Structure Cabling

Structured cabling is considered to be the design and installation of a cabling system that supports multiple hardware uses and is suitable for today’s needs as well as those of the future. BY installing a system currently, the current and future requirements can be satisfied, and hardware that is added in the future can be supported.

Structured cabling design and installation is commanded by a set of standards that define wiring data centres, offices, as well as apartment buildings for data or voice communications utilising different kinds of cable, most commonly category 5e (Cat 5e), category 6 (Cat 6), and fibre optic cabling and modular connectors. These standards determine how to lay the cabling in diverse topologies to satisfy the needs of the customer, typically using a central patch panel which is normally mounted from where all modular connections can be utilised as required. Each outlet is further patched into a network switch generally, and also rack-mounted for network use or into an IP or PBX (private branch exchange) telephone system.

Structured cabling consists of six subsystems:

    • Entrance facilities are the hub where the telephone company network ends and are linked with the on-premises wiring that belongs to the customer.
    • Equipment rooms house equipment as well as wiring consolidation points that serve the users within the building or campus.
    • Backbone cabling is considered to be inter-building and intra-building cable connections in structured cabling between entrance facilities, equipment rooms, and telecommunications closets. Backbone cabling is made of the transmission media, main and intermediate cross-connects, as well as terminations at various locations. This system is usually deployed in data centres.
    • Horizontal cabling wiring can be standard inside wiring (IW) or plenum cabling and connects telecommunications rooms to individual outlets or work areas on the floor, usually through the wire ways, conduits, or ceiling spaces of each floor. A horizontal cross-connect is normally where the horizontal cabling connects along with patch panel or punch-up block that can be connected by backbone cabling to the main distribution facility.
    • Telecommunications rooms or telecommunications enclosures are normally interlinked between the backbone cabling and horizontal cabling.
    • Work-area elements normally connected with end-user equipment to outlets of the horizontal cabling system.
Scroll to Top